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Information about Pamplona
- Pamplona has 200,000 inhabitants.
- Located in the north of Spain, Pamplona is the capital of the Navarra region
- Famous worldwide for the July 7th-14th annual celebrations for San Fermin. The well known "Running of the Bulls" is celebrated here, attracting spectators from not only other parts of Spain, but other parts of the world.
- Pamplona is well connected with internal public transport, as well as excellent highways that link the city with Zaragoza, San Sebastian and Vitoria, which all have international airports.
The area where Pamplona now stands once served as a camp for the Roman general Pompey in the war against Sertorius, in 75 BC. Pamplona changed hands many times during the Visigothic period, before being claimed by the Basques (who called the city Iruña), the Moors, and the Frankish before finally joining the Kingdom of Castille in 1423. The urban growth of the 20th Century was accompanied by industrialisation. Furthermore, Pamplona is credited as a city with one of the highest standards of living and quality of life in Spain.
Pamplona is one of Europe's greenest cities, and boasts many beautiful parks and gardens. The city is almost entirely surrounded by nature: the lush alpine valleys of the Pyreness flank one side while the Arga River flows past the other. Thanks to its university, this former Basque country capital city maintains a youthful feel and vibrant atmosphere.
Pamplona's "old town" is home to many of the cities historical attractions. La Navarrería is the city's oldest district, and the 12th century neighbourhoods of the once-rival towns of San Nicolas and Cernin make up the rest of the "old town".
The city centre is full of things to visit. Pamplona's rich history is still present in the city, with remnants of the defensive walls still standing. The Plaza del Castillo, a majestic Romanesque Gothic cathedral (where archeologists have carried out a number of excavations) and the Ciudadela also contribute to Pamplona's fantastic architecture, making the city well worth a visit.
Pamplona is on the Camino de Santiago, a spiritual pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, which continues attracting thousands of hikers every year. The city has a lively nightlife due in part to its student population. Nights out often start with drinks and pintxos (tapas) in the Old Town and then move on to the city's many bars and clubs.
Thanks to its unique location, near to mountains, the sea, rivers and fertile valleys, this area of Spain is renowned for its healthy cuisine.
Pamplona is also world-famous for its San Fermines festivities. Spaniards and tourists alike gather around the gated streets to watch those crazy few run with the bulls to the bullring. This was also the setting for the Ernest Hemingway novel The Sun Also Rises, published in 1926.
In summary, Pamplona's abundant green areas and parks, its strong level of industry and its good health and educations systems all help make this an ideal Spanish destination.